Vol. 2 Núm. 2 (2020): Diciembre
Neurociencia y Ejercicio

Efectividad de la realidad virtual inmersiva en el manejo del dolor del paciente quemado: una revisión sistemática

Publicado diciembre 28, 2020

 Palabras clave

  • Realidad virtual, Quemaduras, Dolor, Ansiedad.

  Cómo citar

1.
Ivars Crespo M del M, Suso Martí L. Efectividad de la realidad virtual inmersiva en el manejo del dolor del paciente quemado: una revisión sistemática. MOVE [Internet]. 28 de diciembre de 2020 [citado 16 de enero de 2021];2(2). Disponible en: https://jomts.com/index.php/MOVE/article/view/29

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Resumen

Objetivo: El objetivo principal del presente estudio fue conocer los efectos de la realidad virtual sobre el dolor y la ansiedad durante la cura o rehabilitación en pacientes con quemaduras.

Material y método: Se realizó una revisión sistemática con una búsqueda en las principales bases de datos: Pubmed, Cinahl y Scopus hasta el 20 de febrero de 2020. Se empleó la estrategia de búsqueda: (“virtual reality” AND “burns” AND “pain” OR “anxiety”). Se incluyeron todos los estudios que utilizaron realidad virtual inmersiva a través de las gafas como soporte para la terapia. Se evaluó el riesgo de sesgo a partir de la herramienta “Cochrane risk-of-bias tool”.

Resultados: Tras aplicar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión se obtuvieron un total de 17 artículos. Todos ellos midieron la variable dolor en su dimensión sensorial y encontraron disminuciones significativas de la intensidad del dolor en comparación con el tratamiento habitual. Sin embargo, se encontraron resultados heterogéneos y no significativos en relación con la ansiedad.

Conclusiones: La realidad virtual parece constituir una técnica adyuvante en el tratamiento del dolor del paciente con quemaduras, durante la cura o fisioterapia. A pesar de ello, se requiere más investigación en el área para poder implementar su aplicación clínica.


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