Neurociencia y Ejercicio
17 septiembre 2021

Efectividad del ejercicio y la educación terapéutica en pacientes con dolor crónico: una revisión bibliográfica

Vicente Muñoz-Alarcos
1. Departamento de Fisioterapia y Enfermería, Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera, CEU Universities, Valencia, España.
María del Mar Ivars-Crespo
2. Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, España.
Luis Suso-Martí
1. Departamento de Fisioterapia y Enfermería, Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera, CEU Universities, Valencia, España. 3. Motion in Brains Research Group, Institute of Neuroscience and Sciences of the Movement (INCIMOV). Centro Superior de Estudios Universitarios La Salle. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. 28023 Madrid (España).
Aida Herranz-Gómez
3. Motion in Brains Research Group, Institute of Neuroscience and Sciences of the Movement (INCIMOV). Centro Superior de Estudios Universitarios La Salle. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. 28023 Madrid (España).
Patricio Alba-Quesada
1. Departamento de Fisioterapia y Enfermería, Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera, CEU Universities, Valencia, España.
Ferran Cuenca-Martínez
3. Motion in Brains Research Group, Institute of Neuroscience and Sciences of the Movement (INCIMOV). Centro Superior de Estudios Universitarios La Salle. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. 28023 Madrid (España).
Arturo Such-Sanz
1. Departamento de Fisioterapia y Enfermería, Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera, CEU Universities, Valencia, España.
Sensibilización centralBiopsicosocialNeurocienciaEjercicio cognitivo
Vol. 3 Núm. 1 (2021): Junio

  Métricas

Resumen

Objetivo: El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica fue evaluar el efecto de la educación neurofisiológica en dolor en combinación con ejercicio terapéutico sobre la intensidad del dolor y los factores psicosociales en pacientes con dolor crónico.

Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL y SCOPUS. Se emplearon diferentes términos médicos como estrategia para encontrar estudios que aborden la educación neurocientífica y el ejercicio. La escala PEDro se utilizó para evaluar la calidad metodológica de los estudios.

Resultados: Se obtuvieron un total de seis estudios. Los resultados muestran diferencias significativas entre el tratamiento control y el tratamiento experimental a favor de este último, tanto en la intensidad de dolor como en las variables psicosociales analizadas, especialmente en la kinesiofobia.

Conclusiones: La terapia conjunta de educación en neurofisiología del dolor y el ejercicio terapéutico produce una mejora en las variables de ámbito psicosocial y la intensidad de dolor en pacientes con dolor crónico.

  Cómo citar

1.
Muñoz-Alarcos V, Ivars-Crespo M del M, Suso-Martí L, Herranz-Gómez A, Alba-Quesada P, Cuenca-Martínez F, Such-Sanz A. Efectividad del ejercicio y la educación terapéutica en pacientes con dolor crónico: una revisión bibliográfica. MOVE [Internet]. 17 de septiembre de 2021 [citado 7 de agosto de 2022];3(1):299-308. Disponible en: https://jomts.com/index.php/MOVE/article/view/470
  

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